In Genesis1verses14-19 the sun, moon, and stars shine on Earth
Here is what Genesis1verses14-19 say:
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
Comments about other translations:
There does not seem to be anything different enough in the translations checked to add here.
Commentary on the meaning:
The Amplified Bible does add in parentheses that the greater light mentioned in verse 16 is the sun and the lesser light is the moon. (Probably no one would disagree with that, although there is unlikely anything in the original language to show that.)
Notice here that objects in the heaven are to be used to set and tell time. Time is not something that affects God, but humankind is flesh and mortal, so God ordained time for us. (If you are a Christian, you know that at a “future time” [so to speak!] when the events foretold in the Book of Revelation are fulfilled, there will be new heavens and a new earth, humanity that inherits immortal spirit-bodies will dwell there, and there will be no more time there! There will be no need for the sun because God the Father and God the Son will be the Light there.)
As mentioned previously on this site, verse 16 states that God made two great lights . . .. It seems likely that the sun and the moon already had been there – created along with the earth when it was given to the angels to rule (and perhaps God was “experimenting” with various prehistoric animals and other life forms). These verses are addressed to hearers having the perspective of being on the earth and looking out or up. It is possible that God ”made” the lights in the sense that He “rehabbed” or “tweaked" them in some way – possibly even in terms of their orbits, since if the earth was a wasteland after Satan’s rebellion, they may have been affected as well. But I do not believe they were “created” or came into being for the first time here.
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